The regulation is worded so that simple operations with smaller drones can be carried out without approval from the Civil Aviation Authority.
- Operators who are carrying out operations that fall under RO1 will only need to notify the Civil Aviation Authority before starting the operation. An RO1 operator has to follow all general rules and regulations in Chapter 3 and the operative requirements in Chapter 7 of the Regulation. In addition there are rules/limitations in Chapter 4 of how operation in RO1 is to be carried out. The regulations set conditions for start of operation, and requirements for proper qualifications.
- RO1 operators can only operate aircraft weighing up to 2.5 kg, and with a maximum speed of 60 knots. All operations must be carried out within visual line of sight (VLOS) during the day within secure distances as specified in § 51. You also have to ensure that you are only flying under 120 meters.
- The aircraft must have a security system that automatically sets it on the ground if you loose control over it. If you are flying aircraft with fixed wings it has to have an additional system that ensures that the aircraft can land if an emergency occurs. An alternative solution is that another pilot can also control the aircraft with a secondary radio if you lose connection.
- Therefore, RO1 operators cannot operate in expanded visual line of sight (EVLOS), or beyond line of sight (BLOS).
- RO1 operators cannot operate any higher than 120 meters.
- RO1 operators can however operate an aircraft that has a MTOM of 250 grams or less, VLOS, EVLOS and BLOS, but with a maximum height of 50 meters
- The secure distances for gatherings, people, vehicles and property in § 51, second section, letters b & c does not count. An operator of RO1 is responsible for any damage or loss, regardless of fault, that occurs outside the aircraft as a direct result of it being used for flying. The operator of RO1 has to have insurance that covers third party damages.
- The operator also has to notify the Civil Aviation Authority when the operations cease. The Civil Aviation Authority has legal authority to fine the operator for breach of the rules in the Regulations Chapters 3 to 9. Air traffic regulations do not cover flying of drones inside.
RO is short for Remotely piloted aircraft system organisation.